The Micronesian Federation is governed by
President David W. Panuelo and his federal government.
However, the four state governments have a great
influence on politics. The most important political
issues are how the country can reduce the great economic
dependence of the United States and how best to fight
the threat to the islands fragile environment.
In May 2019, David W. Panuelo was elected new federal
president by the Federal Congress. He replaced Peter M
Christian, who had held the office for a four-year term.
In the 2019 congressional elections, Christian lost in
his constituency, which meant that he was not entitled
to stand as a candidate in the subsequent presidential
election. The Constitution provides that the president
is elected from the congressmen.
Country facts and history of Micronesia, including state flag, location map, demographics, GDP data, currency code, and business statistics.
During his years as head of state and government,
Christian prioritized the development of the fishing
industry and tourism.
President Panuelo and his federal government hold a
relatively weak position of power in relation to the
four state governments (see Political system). In the
largest and most populous state of Chuuk, a movement is
emerging that seems to be breaking out of the
There is no party being in the real sense. Instead,
the congressmen are elected in person and group
themselves on the basis of common interests in matters
of matter or by clan or geographical affiliation. The
country is politically stable and the turnover of
congressmen is small; it is not uncommon for everyone to
Perhaps the biggest political issue after the turn of
the millennium has been the renegotiation of the
economic parts of the so-called free association
agreement with the United States (see Foreign Policy and
Defense). The agreement's financial support provisions
expired in 2001. Two years later, a 20-year extension of
the agreement had been negotiated.
The new agreement gives the Micronesian Federation
financial support of a total of US $ 1.8 billion over a
20-year period, but part of the money is invested in a
future use fund, which means that the annual support has
in practice decreased. Otherwise, the assistance is
mainly focused on a few areas, such as education, health
care and the environment.
At the same time, the United States places higher
demands than previously on accounting for how the grants
are used and also on some control of what the grants are
used for. There has been criticism against the fact that
people in a leading position have enriched themselves.
A foundation (2023 Planning Committee) was formed in
2012 that prepares the country for reduced US grants in
the future. One conclusion drawn is that the Micronesian
private sector must be developed. High hopes are being
placed on increased tourism and on the fishing industry.
Environmental problems are another key political
issue. They have increased as pollution, depletion and
higher sea temperature have contributed to the
destruction of coral reefs. This in turn has led to
erosion of the islands' coastlines - the land surface is
simply shrinking. In the long term, global warming
threatens to submerge low-lying Micronesian islands as
sea levels gradually rise (see also Natural Resources
FACTS - POLITICS
The Federated States of Micronesia / Micronesia
republic, federal state
Head of State
President David W Panuelo (2019–)
Head of government
President David W Panuelo (2019–)
Most important parties with mandates in the
no formal parties are missing: elections only take
place between people
Main parties with mandates in the second most
formal parties are missing, choices are made only
33% in the 2017 congressional election
congressional elections 2021, presidential elections